Wednesday, 15 August 2018
A Guide to a More Accurate Pap Smear Result
The key to recovering from all kinds of disease is early detection. "In case of cervical cancer, the detection is carried out with a Pap smear," said Dr. M. Farid Aziz, DSOG, an obstetrician specialized on this kind of disease to one of the mass media in Jakarta (Kompas, 13 May 2017).
The Pap smear test is a measure to take the sample of vaginal discharge in order to observe any suspicious cervical cell disorders that indicate cervical cancer. Sexually active women should take this test regularly.
Before taking one, follow the guide below in order to obtain more accurate results:
- The best time to take the cervical smear is during two weeks after the first day of menstruation, so that the cervical wall is completely free from blood spots.
- Do not apply any cleansing products nor antiseptic soaps to the vagina within 72 hours before the sampling.
- You should not have sexual intercourse during 48 hours before the sampling.
- During the time of sampling, make sure that the vaginal muscles are relaxed in order to have sufficient amount of sample.
- Report if you take birth control pills or other hormonal preparations for women.
- Notice any disorders around the vagina, including itches, unusual vaginal discharge, and other suspicious conditions.
Treatments you can do
- Have regular pap smear tests.
The biggest risk factor for severe cervical cancer is the irregular Pap smear. Commonly, experts suggest to start having a Pap smear soon after being sexually active.
- Stay faithful with your spouse.
The more frequently you change your sexual partners, the higher risk of cervical cancer you have. Likewise, even though you are faithful to your spouse, yet your husband plays around with different women, your risk is still high.
- Wait until you are mature enough to have sexual intercourse.
One of the most recent studies stated that women having sexual intercourse before the age of 20 are three times more likely to be exposed to HPV and if they have three or more sexual partners, their risk increases to 10 times.
- Apply protective methods against HPV.
Condom and diaphragm can protect against a number of irritating materials, including the infection of HPV, during sexual intercourse.
- If you are a smoker, stop that habit. And if your husband is a smoker, stop him.
Nicotine and other chemical substances from the tobacco smoke will be concentrated within the cervical liquid and thus weakens the immune system of the cervix.
- Have a better balanced diet.
Sufficient intakes of vitamin E, vitamin C, beta-carotene, and folic acid from the diet or supplements can protect against the cervical cancer.
During August to December 2018, Prodia is working with BPJS health to conduct a free pap smear examination program. For more information, click here.