Friday, 28 September 2018

Beware of These Three Types of Pathological Vaginal Discharge

Beware of These Three Types of Pathological Vaginal Discharge


Candidiasis, also known as vaginal thrush or monilia, is a fungal infection on the vagina and vulva, usually symptomized by an itching sensation.

Symptoms: discharge of whitish fluid accompanied by itching sensations, the amount of discharge as well as the itch severity may vary for each individual. Other signs such as a bump or wound (thrush-like) may also appear on the vaginal skin.

Cause: infection of yeast called Candida albicans, a type of yeast exists in dormant state within the vagina (not serious in nature) it enters through specific ways or sexual intercourse.


Trichomoniasis is an infection caused by parasitic protozoa, affecting about 10% of women, and may persist for years due to active sexual lives.

Symptoms: discharge of foul-smelled, yellow-greenish, and sometimes frothy fluid accompanied by serious itching on the vagina and vulva.

Cause: infection of parasitic protozoa called Trichomonas. These flagellated parasitic protozoa having the size of the tip of a needle and strong tail enter the vagina via sexual intercourse with an infected partner. Generally, this parasite lives in the vagina on women and urinary tract on men without triggering any symptoms.

Bacterial Vaginosis

Also known as vaginal amine due to the fishy smelled amine produced by the infecting bacteria.

Symptoms: usually the condition is symptomized by discharge of dirty grayish and sharp foul-smelled fluid.

Cause: infection of chlamydia or gonorrhea bacteria, transmitted through sexual intercourse or infection caused by the interaction between Gardnerella and anaerobic bacilli within the vagina.